Kaimganj is small town in the Farrukhabad district of Uttar Pradesh. Kaimganj was founded by Nawab Mohammad Khan Bangash in 1713 and named after his son Qaim Khan, who was its first administrator. The tehsil of Kaimganj has a population of around 1.25 lakh (approximate) mostly comprising of farmers, small scale industrialists and tobacco traders. Some of these tobacco manufacturers are multi-millionaire and have their businesses extended all over India. In the vicinity of Kaimganj, lies the ancient city of Kampil situated on the banks of river Ganga.
Kaimganj is the birth place of Dr. Zakir Hussain (3rd President of India, from 13 May 1967 until his death on 3 May 1969), and the founder of Jamia Milia Islamia University. It is also the birth place of the Pakistan Army's General Rahimuddin Khan, who was also Balochistan's longest-serving governor and Ghulam Rabbani Khan TAANBA, a well known poet. There has been two cabinet ministers, Khurshid Alam Khan and Salman Khursheed and Sultan Alam Khan as State Minister from the same family.
Kaimganj has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 68%, and female literacy is 58%. In Kaimganj, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. In Kaimganj, the Afridi clan is a prominent Pathan clan that is present in the city. This clan, along with other Pathan clans migrated from the frontiers of Afghanistan. There are some Pathan landlords who do not do much and give their land to be cultivated by other communities. They are notable for keeping guns and using them at occassions like wedding time, at the birth of a child and hunting which is nowadays banned as per the law.
The town is well known for its chewing tobacco and sugar mill. The tobacco cultivated in Kaimganj is cured by the sun and contains good amount of nicotine. The tobacco is crushed into various sizes. A large range of different qualities are available. Tobacco is supplied to all the leading chewing tobacco manufacturers. The total turn over of the city is over three crore per day, which includes internal and external trade. Besides the tobacco business, the city is also a potato hub and exports potatoes to nearly all of India from Jammu & Kashmir to Tamil Nadu and Gujarat to Assam.
There is also a famous Sugar Mill of U.P. at Kaimganj established by Mr. Khurshid Alam Khan (inaugurated by Mrs. Indira Gandhi) which crushes a large amount of sugarcane. SNM Inter College is the oldest educational institution. Earlier it was called George AV School which was founded by Pandit Pyarelal Chaturvedi. At that time it was up to Class VIII only. After Sultan Alam Memorial, DPS is CBSE school from World famous international group of schools in the town. In old days Kaimganj was also famous in near by areas for religious preachings by Sufi saints and Maulvies. Old and Famous co-educational Islamic school 'Madarsa Arabia Talimul Islam' established by Syed Allah Baksh at Chhapatti, Chilanka serves the religious & modern educations up to 8th standard for muslim students of the town. Shah Public School and CP Vidya Niketan are famous English medium schools of the town. In the past two decade, Kaimganj has emerged as a major developed town in the region on infrastructural, economical, educational parts.
This town was the capital cousin of Bahlol, was taken prisoner. The war was terminated by the death of Mahmud and another peace was made on the old terms. Once more, however, a woman was the cause of war. This time it was the chief lady of Bahlol's harem, who was Qutb Khan's sister. She sent a message to the Sultan, bitterly reproaching him with his suppleness in allowing her brother to remain a captive, and threatening to kill herself unless he were released. Bahlol at once set out against Muhammad Shah, the successor of Mahmud, who, equally ready to resume hostilities, without loss of time attacked Shamsabad and occupied it. This success alarmed Rai Partap, who hastened to abandon the cause of Bahlol and go over to the victorious party of Muhammad Shah. The latter crossed the Mainpuri district by forced marches until he reached Sarseni near Rapri, where Bahlol was encamped. Some fighting took place between the two armies, but a disastrous night manoeuvre, which resulted in the capture of one of Muhammad Shah's brothers and the headlong flight of another back to Jaunpur, compelled that prince to beat a retreat to Kanauj.
In 1748 Muhammad Shah was succeeded by his son Ahmad Shah, who shortly afterwards was appointed Safdar Jang. The Durrani invasions of Nadir Shah in 1739 and Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1748 had severely shaken the stability of the central government, and given to the provincial governors a dangerous degree of power. One of the most influential of these was Ali Muhammad in Rohilkhand, and the new wazir, who had already quarrelled with him, looked with apprehension on his growing prestige. With Qaim Khan, the son of Muhammad Khan, he had also a hereditary feud, and he determined to set his two enemies at one another's throats, being certain to be himself the gainer whatever the event. Accordingly on the death od Ali Muhammad in 1749, after an abortive attempt to overthrow his successor by other means, an imperial farman was issued to Qaim Khan conferring on him the mahals of Bareilly and Moradabad wrongfully usurped by Sadullah Khan, the son of Ali Muhammad.
Qaim Khan fell into the trap laid for him and set out to the conquest of his new territories with a large force. At Qadirganj on the Ganges in the Etah district, he was defeated by the Rohillas under Hafiz Rahmat Khan and killed. Safdar Jang at once attempted to seize Farrukhabad and the other Bangash parganas, but Ahmad Khan, the son of Qaim Khan, collected his adherents and in 1750 defeated the Wajir General Nawab Rae at Khudaganj, and the Wajir soon afterwards near Patiali. Had the ambition and enterprise of Ahmad Khan been equal to his personal courage there is little doubt that he might now have pushed on to Delhi and made himself master of the Emperors person and virtual sovereign. He was, however, far too easy-going in disposition to embark on such a scheme and contented himself with the recovery of his family, former territories and the recognition of his title to them from the Emperor. The administration of the various parganas was given to his brothers and relations, Shikohabad, which included Sakit, Kuraoli and Alikhera, going to Azim Khan, and Bhongaon and Bewar to the Majhle Nawab, Shadi Khan was sent to occupy Kora, but was opposed and defeated by Ali Quli Khan, the deputy in the Allahabad Subah. Ahmad Khans reluctance to move was overcome by the insistence of his counselors and he was persuaded to advance on Allahabad in person. While he was besieging that town the wazir had had time to recover from his defeat and had called in the Marathas to his assistance.
The approach of the united armies towards Farrukhabad obliged Ahmad Khan to raise the siege of Allahabad, and after some discussion he decided to return to protect his own home. But the discouragement produced by this retreat proved too much for his mercenaries and they melted away until when he reached Fatehgarh he had too small a force to attempt to do more than hold the fort. After a month's siege a Rohilla army under Sadullah Khan and Bahadur Khan came down to his assistance, but was defeated by the Marathas, and Ahmad Khan then fled through Rohilkhand to Kumaon, where he remained till 1752, when a fresh invasion of India by Ahmad Shah Durrani made Safdar Jang and the Marathas anxious for peace. It was agreed that Rohilkhand and Farrukhabad should be evacuated on condition that Ahmad Khan took over the debt of thirty lakhs of rupees due from Safdar Jang to the Marathas as pay for their services, ceding as security for the debt sixteen and a half of the thirty three mahals comprised in his territories. The management of the whole remained in the hands of Ahmad Khan, who paid the surplus revenue, after deducting the cost of management and the pay of the troops, to two Marathas agents stationed at Kanauj and Aliganj. Payments continued to be made till the battle of Panipat in 1761, when the Marathas left Doab.
The major concern in the town today is the ambivalent tobacco industry. No doubt tobacco industry has contributed a lot in the development of the town - by generating numerous employment opportunities for the poor and rich equally, and thus adding to the prosperity of the town. However, a large increase in the tobacco cultivation and processing in the various godowns located in city's residential premises is adding to the health hazards of the residents. The symptoms of asthma, tuberculosis and other respiratory malfunctions are evident in the people who work in tobacco processing industry and also among the common citizens.